Diabetes Prevention Program.
Prediabetes is a condition in which the person has high blood glucose or hemoglobin A1C but below the threshold for diagnosis of diabetes. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimates 37% of Americans have prediabetes and most do not know they have the condition. Without intervention, it is estimated that 15% to 30% of people with prediabetes will develop Type 2 diabetes within five years. Type 2 diabetes affects the body and may contribute to a variety of health problems such as heart disease, stroke, blindness, and kidney failure. Furthermore, the medical costs for a person with diabetes are estimated as 2.3 times higher than for a person without diabetes.
Diabetes Prevention Programs (DPP) are designed to help prevent or delay type 2 diabetes. In the yearlong DPP with established curriculum, a trained coach leads DPP group participants through topics such as healthy eating, stress reduction, and increasing physical activity. DPP programs have demonstrated long-term results with reduction of risk of developing diabetes by 58% among program participants.